Referencing is the citing of sources used in an academic essay to acknowledge the contribution of other authors in your own work. You’ll find them in the reference list/bibliography at the end of any academic paper. A reference helps readers to distinguish between what is original and what isn’t and helps them to trace the sources you’ve used.
Referencing serves two purposes:
-It gives credit to the original author and acknowledges their work.
-It allows the reader to find the source information, if they would like to do further reading.
A reference list/ bibliography is a detailed list of all your sources. It is attached to the end of your essay. If something is cited in the essay, it must appear on the reference list.
So, if that’s referencing, what is citation? A citation is the specific mention of a source in the main body of your text. It usually includes the name of the author, year of publication and page number. Your source should be listed in more detail in the bibliography.
Reference List/Bibliography -The detailed list of all your sources that is attached to the end of your essay. If something is cited in the essay, it must appear on the reference list.
Using others information, sentences, theories or concepts, without giving them proper credit in your work. If you don’t credit where you got your information from, it implies that you came up with the idea yourself and that is plagiarism.
How to Reference
Depending on the discipline you study and the educational institution you are attending, referencing styles. Your department will specify which style they would like you to use when referencing others work. Harvard, APA and Boston are all popular examples of referencing styles and are formatted slightly differently, so be sure to find out which style your department requires. Whichever style you use, it’s crucial to get it right.
Whether you’re using Harvard referencing or another recognized style, there are some aspects that won’t change. Make sure you’ve used consistent punctuation and text formatting throughout and included the details of all sources you’ve referred to, both in your text and the bibliography. Below are some links that can make compiling your reference list much easier!
App: RefMe – Use your phone camera to scan the bar-code of a book and create a reference
Link: Neil’s Toolbox – This website will help you build a reference in the right format for a book, website, video, e-journal etc.
Video: What is Referencing? – by Robert Gordon University
Below is an example of citation and referencing using Harvard style referencing. In the paragraph of text, anytime another source is talked about, the author(s) surname and the year they published that work, is included. This is citation.
In the reference list section, full details are given for both the sources that are cited in the paragraph of text. The reference includes, the name of the author, the year it was published, the full title of the source, where it was published, and the name of the publisher.
Although several elements of the NAD-RID Code of Professional Conduct reflect strong deontological theories, as Banks (2004) expresses, not all Kantian principals are necessarily wrong. Instances of the instances of deontological theory in this Code of Professionalism seem to reflect the widely embraced more from the Helper model of interpreting and towards a more professionalized view of interpreting, removing personal views and emotions from the interpreting process (Janzen and Korpiniski, 2005).
Banks, S. (2004) Ethics, accountability, and the social professions. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
Janzen, T. and Korpiniski, D., 2005. ‘Ethics and Professionalism in Interpreting’. In Janzen, T. (ed.), Topicsin Signed Language Interpreting : Theory and Practice. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Co.